Does blue represent gender?
Since at least the 19th century, the colours pink and blue have been used to indicate gender, particularly for babies and young children. The current tradition in the United States (and an unknown number of other countries) is "pink for girls, blue for boys".
In Western societies, the stereotype prevails that pink is for girls and blue is for boys. A third possible gendered colour is red. While liked by women, it represents power, stereotypically a masculine characteristic.
Universally, studies show that blue is both men and women's primary preferred color. One study dove into why blue is so popular and found that it's associated with clean water, clear skies, authority, truth and tranquility.
For instance, Wang and Hines20 reported girls at the age around 2 showed a greater preference for the pink toys than boys. Moreover, studies on color connotations showed that pink/reddish colors are considered feminine while blue/green are considered masculine21,22.
Steele believes that the acquisition of two 18th-century paintings by American millionaire Henry Huntington started turning the tide in favor of pink being a girls' color. “The Blue Boy” depicted a boy dressed in blue, and “Pinkie” portrayed a girl in pink attire.
It is the color of the ocean and the sky; it often symbolizes serenity, stability, inspiration, or wisdom. It can be a calming color, and symbolize reliability. In the Catholic Church, the Virgin Mary is most often depicted wearing blue, to symbolize being "full of grace" by divine favor.
The trend changed in 1940 when baby boomers dressed their boys in blue and girls in pink. They claimed that pink is a delicate color that suits girls and blue is vigorous, perfect for boys. With a surge in gender-oriented activities in 1980 and onward, pink became a fashion trend for girls and blue for boys.
Currently, we are used to associating the color blue with the masculine and the pink with the feminine, but this has not always been the case. The use of pink for girls and blue for boys is a relatively new concept if we compare it with time ago framed in each historical context.
In reality, purple is a color for everyone. You can use it, although it's generally in a female palette with purple, pink, light blue, etc.
According to research blue is one of the most popular colors, especially among men. It is considered to be the color of peace and serenity. In fact, the color blue has the ability to lower pulse rate and blood pressure. It is known that people tend to be more productive in blue rooms or environment.
What is a boys favorite color?
Most boys and girls, and most men and women, choose blue as their favorite color. Hence, despite the popular association between blue and boys/men, it seems that all people—regardless of gender—tend to favor blue.
The association of red with femininity is a cultural and historical construct. In Western cultures, the association of pink and red with femininity started in the early 20th century, as marketing and advertising began to emphasize gender-specific colors for children's clothing.
Seriously— up until the Victorian era, people thought light red (pink) was suitable for baby boys because red is such a vigorous color, and blue was appropriate for girls because it was associated with the Virgin Mary and it was a delicate color.
First crushes may occur at any time, but generally start at around 10-13 years of age. They are an important step in developing normal and healthy romantic relationships, and provide opportunities to learn how to compromise and communicate.
Often, people consider purple a feminine color. Due to this, and its association with the arts, too much purple in a design can make people think it's overly emotional. That's not a fair judgement to make, but some color associations are deeply ingrained in our subconsciousness.
In the 1920s, some groups had described pink as a masculine color, an equivalent to red, which was considered for men but lighter for boys. But stores nonetheless found that people were increasingly choosing to buy pink for girls, and blue for boys, until this became an accepted norm in the 1940s.
With a sense of calm, relaxation, trust, loyalty and authority, the positive highlights convey a sense of honesty, commitment, serenity and peace. The negative effects of blue convey fragility, depression, predictability and even coldness.
For millennia, blue has been a sacred and costly hue, more valuable even than gold. And in the Christian world, the most valuable color was reserved for the most elevated of virgins. Enter Marian blue. The funerary mask of Tutankhamen features lapis lazuli around the eyes and eyebrows.
Be depressed or sad, as in I was really feeling blue after she told me she was leaving. The use of blue to mean “sad” dates from the late 1300s.
Feminine colours are usually softer and lighter: pastels and pale colours, muted dove blues and greens, and soft metallics and pearlescents.
When did blue become a boy color?
The baby boomers in the 1940s were the first to be dressed in the sex-specific clothing that Americans are familiar with today. Boys and girls were dressed like miniature men and women instead of uniformly in children's dresses. Pink became the girls' color, blue the boys'.
Associations and symbolism
According to color historian Eva Heller, "grey is too weak to be considered masculine, but too menacing to be considered a feminine color.
Although pink is currently associated with all things feminine, it hasn't always been that way. It's hard to imagine now, but pink was once the color preferred for little boys. A Ladies Home Journal article from 1890 advised, “Pure white is used for all babies.
In modern Western culture, gender norms for colours are that light blue is commonly used to represent boys as opposed to the color pink, which is used to represent girls (but see the counterexamples at List of historical sources for pink and blue as gender signifiers).
Results suggest that red, orange, blue, black, and white are perceived as more masculine (than feminine), and that high levels of brightness tend to increase femininity—a result that was significant for the hue purple.